Intimate Partner Violence/Stalking
Intimate Partner Violence
- According to the Ohio Attorney General’s Office, in 2009, law enforcement responded to 69,470 domestic dispute calls and documented 56,302 victims of those dispute calls. In 2008, law enforcement responded to 74,551 domestic dispute calls and documented 58,465 victims of those dispute calls. In 2007, law enforcement responded to 76,760 domestic dispute calls and documented 60,733 victims of those dispute calls.
- Domestic violence is one of the most chronically underreported crimes. (U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Criminal Victimization, 2003)
- One in every four women will experience domestic violence in her lifetime. (Tjade, P. & Thoennes, N., 2000)
- Females who are 16-24 years of age are at the greatest risk for intimate partner violence (U.S. Department of Justice, 2006).
- Each year, women experience about 4.8 million intimate partner related physical assaults and rapes. Men are the victims of about 2.9 million intimate partner related physical assaults. (CDC, 2009)
- In a nationally representative survey, the first rape experience of female victims was reported to be by perpetrators who were intimate partners (30.4%), family members (23.7%) and acquaintances (20%).
- In the first rape experience of male victims, perpetrators were reported to be acquaintances (32.3%), family members (17.7%), friends (17.6%), and intimate partners (15.9%). (Violence and Victims Survey, 2007)
- In 2005, Native American/Alaska Native women had the highest rate of intimate partner victimization (18.2 per 1000), compared to African American women (8.2), Caucasian women (6.3), and Asian American women (1.5). (Washington, DC: NIJ, 2008)
- Female victims of domestic violence are 75 times more likely to harm themselves. (The Science of Mental Health, 2005)
- One study found that women who had experienced any type of personal violence, even when the last episode was 14 to 30 years ago, reported a greater number of chronic physical symptoms than those who had not been abused. The risk of suffering from six or more chronic physical symptoms increased with the number of forms of violence experienced. (Journal of General Internal Medicine 19 (2004): 823)
- Women who have experienced domestic violence are 80% more likely to have a stroke, 70% more likely to have heart disease, 60% more likely to have asthma and 70% more likely to drink heavily than women who have not experienced intimate partner violence. (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, February 2008, Center for Disease Control)
- Intimate partner violence results in more than 18.5 million mental health care visits each year. (CDC’s Costs of Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in the U.S., 2003)
- A safe, stable and nurturing relationship with a caring adult can help a child overcome the stress associated with intimate partner violence. (Middlebrooks JS, AudageNC. 2008. The Effects of Childhood Stress on Health Across the Lifespan. CDC)
- There are 16,800 homicides and $2.2 million (medically treated) injuries due to intimate partner violence annually in the U.S., which costs $37 billion. (Center for Disease Control & Prevention, 2007)
- Of female murder victims in 2008, 35% were killed by an intimate partner; 2% of male murder victims were killed by an intimate partner. (Washington, DC: GPO, 2009)
- Almost one-third of female homicide victims that are reported in police records are killed by an intimate partner. (FBI, UCR, “Crime in the United States, 2001)
- Seventy-five percent of murder-suicides occurred in the home. (Violence Policy Center (VPC), American Roulette: Murder-Suicide in the United States, April 2006)
- 3% of all murders committed in the workplace were committed by the victim’s intimate partner (husband, wife, or boyfriend). (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2009)
- There were 3,319 reported incidents of intimate partner violence affecting LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bi-Sexual, Transgender) individuals in 2007. (National Coalition Of Anti-Violence Programs, 2007)
- In 2007, 48% of LGBTdomestic violence victims were women, 47% men, and 5% transgender. (New York: National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs, 2008)
- In cases where the age of the victim was recorded, 65% of LGBT domestic violence victims were over the age of 30, while 35% were under 30 years old. (New York: National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs, 2008)
- Between 25% and 33% of relationships between LGBT partners include abuse, a rate equal to that of heterosexual relationships. (Gay Men’s Domestic Violence Project, 2005)
- One in four gay men have experienced domestic violence. (Gay Men’s Domestic Violence Project, 2005)
- Of all LGBT respondents, 27 percent report being pushed, slapped, choked or hit by a partner or spouse. (The Harris Poll #49 and #50, conducted by Harris Interactive® 2006.)
Domestic Violence in the Workplace
- Of all respondents with disabilities, 28 percent reported being pushed, slapped, choked or hit by a partner or spouse, compared to 18 percent of those without disabilities. (The Harris Poll #49 and #50. Conducted by Harris Interactive® 2006)
- A 2008 study shows conclusively that the nation’s domestic violence shelters are addressing both urgent and long-term needs of victims of violence, and are helping them protect themselves and their children. (Lyon, E., Lane S. 2009)
- In 2008, a 24-hour survey of domestic violence programs across the nation found that over 60,000 victims were served in one day. Unfortunately, due to a lack of resources, there were almost 9,000 unmet requests for services. (Domestic Violence Count 07, January 2008)
- The region with the largest reported increase in women seeking help as a result of domestic violence was the South (78%) followed by the Midwest (74%), the Northeast (72%), and the West (71%). (Mary Kay’s Truth About Abuse. Mary Kay, Inc. May 12, 2009)
According to a U.S. national telephone survey conducted with 1,200 employees in the sample, the following information was reported by the Corporate Alliance To End Partner Violence, 2007:
|Impact of intimate partner violence on the victim in the workplace:
Impact of intimate partner violence on co-workers of the victim:
- 21% of the full-time employed adults polled identified themselves as victims of domestic violence.
- 64% of victims indicated their ability to work was significantly impacted.
Impact of Intimate Partner Violence on Perpetrator’s Work Life:
- 31% felt obliged to cover for co-worker who was a victim
- 38% were concerned for their own safety
- 27% had to do the victim’s work
- 25% resented co-worker (victim) due to the situation
The Maine Department of Labor (2008) found that:
- 78% of surveyed perpetrators used workplace resources to express remorse or anger, check up on, pressure, or threaten their victim
- 74% had easy access to their intimate partner’s workplace
- 21% of offenders reported they contacted the victim at the workplace in violation of a no contact order
According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics 2009:
- About half (46%) of stalking victims experienced at least one unwanted contact per week, and 11% of victims said they had been stalked for 5 years or more.
- Approximately 1 in 4 stalking victims reported some form of cyberstalking such as e-mail (83%) or instant messaging (35%).
- Women were at greater risk than men for stalking victimization; however, women and men were equally likely to experience harassment.
- More than half of stalking victims lost 5 or more days from work. (Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Crime Victimization Survey, January 2009)
- The risk of stalking victimization was highest for individuals who were divorced or separated. (Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Crime Victimization Survey, January 2009)
- Persons ages 18-19 and 20-24 years experience the highest rate of stalking. (Baum et al. “Stalking Victimization in the United States,” 2009)
- The prevalence of anxiety, insomnia, social dysfunction, and severe depression is much higher among stalking victims than the general population. (Eric Blaauw et al., “The Toll of Stalking,” Journal of Interpersonal Violence 17 (2002): 50-63)